2021欧洲杯买球


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以《标准》建设提升国际中文教育质量

——教育部中外语言交流合作中心负责人答记者问

2022-04-02 来源:《光明日报》

  JINRI,《GUOJIZHONGWENJIAOYUZHONGWENSHUIPINGDENGJIBIAOZHUN》(GF0025-2021)(YIXIAJIANCHENG《BIAOZHUN》)YOUJIAOYUBU、GUOJIAYUYANWENZIGONGZUOWEIYUANHUIZHENGSHIFABU,BINGJIANGYU2021NIAN7YUE1RIQIZHENGSHISHISHI。ZHEISHIWOGUOSHOUGEMIANXIANGWAIGUOZHONGWENXUEXIZHE、QUANMIANMIAOHUIPINGJIAXUEXIZHEZHONGWENYUYANJINENGHESHUIPINGDEGUIFANBIAOZHUN。JIZHEJIU《BIAOZHUN》XIANGGUANWENTICAIFANGLEJIAOYUBUZHONGWAIYUYANJIAOLIUHEZUOZHONGXINFUZEREN。

  问:为什么要出台这一《标准》?

  DA:YUYANSHILEJIEYIGEGUOJIAHEWENHUAZUIHAODEYAOCHI,BIAOZHUNSHIZHANGWOYIMENYUYAN、JIAOHAOYIMENYUYANDEGUANJIAN。CONG1992NIANQI,YUHEZHONGXINXIANHOUZHIDINGBINGSHIXINGLEYIXILIEGUIFANBIAOZHUN,RU《HANYUSHUIPINGCIHUIYUHANZIDENGJIDAGANG》《GUOJIHANYUJIAOSHIBIAOZHUN》《GUOJIHANYUJIAOXUETONGYONGKECHENGDAGANG》《HANYUSHUIPINGKAOSHIDAGANG》《HANYUGUOJIJIAOYUYONGYINJIEHANZICIHUIDENGJIHUAFEN》DENG。DANSHISUIZHEGUOJIZHONGWENJIAOYUSHIYEDEPENGBOFAZHAN,XUYAODUIXIANYOUBIAOZHUNJINXINGSHENGJIWANSHAN,YIGOUJIANGAOZHILIANGDEGUOJIZHONGWENJIAOYUBIAOZHUNTIXI。

  MUQIANQUANQIUYOU75GEGUOJIAJIANGZHONGWENNARUGUOMINJIAOYUTIXI,4000DUOSUOGUOWAIDAXUEKAISHEZHONGWENKECHENG,2500WANRENXUEXIZHONGWEN,4000WANRENCICANJIAGELEIZHONGWENKAOSHI。SUIZHEXUEXIXUQIUBUDUANKUODA,GUOJIZHONGWENJIAOYUMIANLINDEZHUYAOMAODUNYIJINGCONG“YOUMEIYOU”FAZHANDAO“HAOBUHAO”,GUANGDAXUEXIZHE、JIAOYUZHEPOQIEXIWANGYANZHIHECHUTAIYITAOKEXUEGUIFAN、BAORONGKAIFANG、BIANYUSHISHIDEBIAOZHUN,DUIZHONGWENXUEXI、JIAOXUE、CESHIYUPINGGUGEGEHUANJIEJINXINGZHIDAO。

  《BIAOZHUN》YU2020NIAN9YUEYOUGUOJIAYUWEIYUYANWENZIGUIFANBIAOZHUNSHENDINGWEIYUANHUISHENDINGTONGGUO,SHIGUOJIAYUWEISHOUGEMIANXIANGWAIGUOZHONGWENXUEXIZHE、QUANMIANMIAOHUIPINGJIAXUEXIZHEZHONGWENYUYANJINENGHESHUIPINGDEGUIFANBIAOZHUN。《BIAOZHUN》DECHUTAIJIANGJINYIBUWANSHANYUYANWENZIGUIFANBIAOZHUNTIXI,BINGWEIGUOJIZHONGWENJIAOYUSHIYEFAZHANTIGONGYOULIZHICHENG。

  问:《标准》是如何研制的?主要包括哪些内容?

  DA:QIANGHUABIAOZHUNJIANSHE,TIGAOJIAOYUZHILIANG,SHIGUOJIZHONGWENJIAOYUFAZHANDEBIYOUZHILU。2017NIAN5YUEQI,YUHEZHONGXINZUZHIZHUANJIACHENGLIKETIZU,QUELILE“YIXUEXIZHEWEIZHONGXIN、TUCHUZHONGWENTESE”DEYANFALINIAN。XUEXIZHEHEJIAOYUZHEDEXUQIUSHIWOMENZHIDINGBIAOZHUNDECHUFADIAN。《BIAOZHUN》BAOKUOQIANYAN、FANWEI、SHUYUHEDINGYI、DENGJIMIAOSHU、YINJIEBIAO、HANZIBIAO、CIHUIBIAOHEFULUA(GUIFANXING)YUFADENGJIDAGANG8GEBUFEN,JIEDINGLEYIZHONGWENZUOWEIDIERYUYANDEXUEXIZHEZAISHENGHUO、XUEXI、GONGZUODENGLINGYUYUNYONGZHONGWENWANCHENGJIAOJIDEYUYANSHUIPINGDENGJI。

  《BIAOZHUN》JIANGXUEXIZHEDEZHONGWENSHUIPINGCONGDIDAOGAOFENWEISANDENG,JICHUDENG、ZHONGDENGHEGAODENG,ZAIMEIYIDENGNEIBUGENJUSHUIPINGCHAYIGEFENWEISANJI,GONG“SANDENGJIUJI”。《BIAOZHUN》YIYINJIE(1110GE)、HANZI(3000GE)、CIHUI(11092GE)、YUFA(572TIAO)SIZHONGYUYANJIBENYAOSUGOUCHENG“SIWEIJIZHUN”,YIYANYUJIAOJINENGLI、HUATIRENWUNEIRONG、YUYANLIANGHUAZHIBIAOXINGCHENGSANGEPINGJIAWEIDU,YIZHONGWENTING、SHUO、DU、XIE、YIZUOWEIWUXIANGYUYANJINENG,ZHUNQUEBIAODINGXUEXIZHEDEZHONGWENSHUIPING。

  《BIAOZHUN》SHIYONGYUGUOJIZHONGWENJIAOYUDEXUEXI、JIAOXUE、CESHIYUPINGGU,WEIQITIGONGGUIFANXINGCANKAO。YUCITONGSHI,WOMENHAIYANFALESANCE《〈BIAOZHUN〉YINGYONGJIEDUBEN》,QIZHONGJIYOUANZHAODENGJIPAILIEDEYINJIEBIAO、HANZIBIAOYUCIHUIBIAO,YOUYOUANZHAOYINXUPAILIEDEYINJIEZONGBIAO、HANZIZONGBIAOYUCIHUIZONGBIAO,YONGGENGWEIFENGFUDECHENGXIANXINGSHI、GENGWEIBIANLIDEJIANSUOGONGNENG,FANGBIANDUZHECHAZHAOSHIYONG。

  《BIAOZHUN》QUANWENKEZAIJIAOYUBUGUANFANGWANGZHANXIAZAI,ZHIZHIBAN《BIAOZHUN》JI《〈BIAOZHUN〉YINGYONGJIEDUBEN》JIANGYUJINRICHUBANFAXING。

  问:与以往相比,《标准》有哪些发展变化?

  DA:《BIAOZHUN》DUIZHIQIANDEGEXIANGGUIFANBIAOZHUNZUOLEJICHENG、HUIZONGHETISHENG,SHIGUOJIZHONGWENJIAOYUKEXUEHUAFAZHANDEJIDACHENGZHE。XIANGJIAOYIWANGBIAOZHUN,XIN《BIAOZHUN》ZHUYAOZAISANGEFANGMIANYOUSUOCHUANGXIN:YISHICHUANGLI“SANDENGJIUJI”ZHONGWENSHUIPINGDENGJIBIAOZHUNXINTIXI、XINFANSHI,TUCHUZHONGWENDUTEXING,YIXUEXIZHEWEIZHONGXIN,ZUNXUNJIAOXUESHIJI,KEXUEJINGZHUNDINGWEIXUEXIZHEDEZHONGWENSHUIPINGDENGJI。ERSHITICHU“3+5”GUIFANHUAXINLUJING。YANYUJIAOJINENGLI、HUATIRENWUNEIRONG、YUYANLIANGHUAZHIBIAO,FUYITING、SHUO、DU、XIE、YIWUZHONGYUYANJIBENJINENG,JIANGDINGXINGMIAOSHUYUDINGLIANGZHIBIAOXIANGJIEHE,ZHUNQUEXIANGXIKEHUAXUEXIZHEDEZHONGWENSHUIPING。SANSHITICHUYINJIE、HANZI、CIHUI、YUFA“SIWEIJIZHUN”DENGJILIANGHUABIAOZHUNTIXI。MEIYIJIZHONGWENSHUIPINGDENGJIBIAOZHUNJUTIKECAOZUODELIANGHUAZHIBIAOSHIGEGUODUOYANGHUADEZHONGWENJIAOYU,MUBIAOQINGXI、YOUJUKEYI。

  问:《标准》发布后,“汉语水平考试(HSK)”会发生怎样的变化?

  DA:“HANYUSHUIPINGKAOSHI(HSK)”SHIYIXIANGGUOJIBIAOZHUNHUAYUYANKAOSHI,ZHONGDIANKAOCHAZHONGWENZUOWEIDIERYUYANDEXUEXIZHEZAISHENGHUO、XUEXIHEGONGZUOZHONGYUNYONGZHONGWENJINXINGJIAOJIDENENGLI。JINGGUO30DUONIANDEFAZHAN,HSKYICHENGWEIGUOJIZHIMINGKAOSHIPINPAIHEQUANQIUGONGRENDEZHONGWENSHUIPINGCESHIGONGJU。《BIAOZHUN》SHUYUGUOJIZHONGWENJIAOYUDEDINGCENGSHEJI,YONGYIQUANMIANZHIDAOXUEXI、JIAOXUE、CESHIYUPINGGUGEHUANJIE,WEIWAIGUOXUESHENGLAIHUALIUXUE、HUODEJIANGXUEJINYIJISHIXIJIUYEDENGDUOGECHANGJINGYINGYONGTIGONGYIJU。《BIAOZHUN》JUYOUDUOZHONGYONGTUHEGUANGFANSHIYONGXING,QIZHONGZUIZHONGYAODESHIZUOWEIHSKDECANZHAOBIAOZHUN,WEIKAOSHIDESHEJI、MINGTI、SHISHI、PINGFENTIGONGZHIDAO。《BIAOZHUN》CHUTAIHOU,HSKJIANGYIJU《BIAOZHUN》JINXINGYOUHUASHENGJI,ZAIBAOZHENGYUANYOULIUGEJIBIEWENDINGXINGDEJICHUSHANG,XIHUADIAOZHENGWEISANDENGJIUJI。

  下一步,我们将做好《标准》的应用和推广工作,包括围绕《标准》开展说明、研讨和培训工作,协助有关国家做好当地中文教学标准的研制,开发新一代国际中文教材、课程和教学资源,积极推动与其他中文作为第二语言学习标准的对接和认证等。(本报记者 柴如瑾)

(责任编辑:俞曼悦)
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2021欧洲杯买球:《国际中文教育中文水平等级标准》发布

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