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构建幼小科学衔接机制 全面提高教育质量

——教育部基础教育司负责人就《关于大力推进幼儿园与小学科学衔接的指导意见》答记者问

2020-04-09 来源:教育部

  JINRI,JIAOYUBUYINFALE《GUANYUDALITUIJINYOUERYUANYUXIAOXUEKEXUEXIANJIEDEZHIDAOYIJIAN》(YIXIAJIANCHENG《ZHIDAOYIJIAN》)。JIAOYUBUJICHUJIAOYUSIFUZERENJIU《ZHIDAOYIJIAN》YOUGUANNEIRONGHUIDALEJIZHETIWEN。

  1.请介绍一下出台《指导意见》的背景。

  DA:CUJINYOUERYUANHEXIAOXUEKEXUEXIANJIE,QUANMIANZUOHAORUXUEZHUNBEIHERUXUESHIYINGJIAOYUGONGZUO,QUEBAOERTONGSHUNLISHIXIANCONGYOUERYUANXIANGXIAOXUESHENGHUOGUODU,DUIQISHENXINJIANKANGHEZHONGSHENFAZHANJUYOUZHONGYAOYIYI。

  YISHIGUANCHEDANGZHONGYANGGUOWUYUANJUECEBUSHUDEZHONGYAOJUCUO。《GUANYUXUEQIANJIAOYUSHENHUAGAIGEGUIFANFAZHANDERUOGANYIJIAN》BUSHUKAIZHANYOUERYUAN“XIAOXUEHUA”ZHUANXIANGZHILIXINGDONG,YAOQIU“XIAOXUEQISHINIANJIBIXUANGUOJIAKECHENGBIAOZHUNJIANCHILINGQIDIANJIAOXUE”。《GUANYUSHENHUAJIAOYUJIAOXUEGAIGEQUANMIANTIGAOYIWUJIAOYUZHILIANGDEYIJIAN》MINGQUEYAOQIU“XIAOXUEYINIANJISHEZHIGUODUXINGHUODONGKECHENG,ZHUZHONGZUOHAOYOUXIAOXIANJIE”。GUOWUYUANLINGDAOTONGZHIGAODUZHONGSHI,DUOCIYAOQIUSHENRUZUOHAOYOUERYUANHEXIAOXUEDEXIANJIEGONGZUO。

  ERSHIJIANSHEGAOZHILIANGJIAOYUTIXIDEJINPORENWU。ZHANGQIYILAI,SHOUCHUANTONGWENHUAHEXUEZHIYINGXIANG,YOUERYUANHEXIAOXUEFENSHUBUTONGXUEDUAN,ZAIKECHENGNEIRONG、JIAOXUEFANGSHISHANGCUNZAIJIAODACHAYI,LIANGGEXUEDUANXIANGHUFENLI、HUBUXIANJIE,HENDUOERTONGRUXUESHIYINGMIANLINBUTONGCHENGDUDEKUNNAN,CHENGWEIJICHUJIAOYUDETONGDIANNANDIANWENTI。SHENHUAJICHUJIAOYUKECHENGJIAOXUEGAIGE,JIANSHEGAOZHILIANGJIAOYUTIXI,BIXUJIAQIANGTONGCHOUXIEDIAO,QIESHIJIEJUEHAOYOUXIAOXIANJIEWENTI。

  SANSHIGUIFANBANXUEXINGWEIDEPOQIEXUYAO。YOUYUSHEHUIJINGZHENGDEJIAJU,JIAZHANGPUBIANGANDAOJIAOLV,DUIHAIZIHUAIYOUGUOGAOQIWANG。XIAOWAIPEIXUNJIGOUKAIZHANCHAOQIANPEIXUN,TUIBOZHULAN;YIXIEYOUERYUANTIQIANJIAOSHOUXIAOXUEKECHENGNEIRONGYINGHEJIAZHANG。ZHEIXIEBUGUIFANXINGWEIYANZHONGRAOLUANLEZHENGCHANGDEJIAOYUJIAOXUEZHIXU,POHUAILEJIAOYUSHENGTAI,BIXUJIAQIANGGUIFANYINDAO,QUEBAOERTONGSHENXINJIANKANGCHENGZHANG。

  2.请介绍一下《指导意见》的研制过程。

  DA:WOSIGAODUZHONGSHIWENJIANYANZHIGONGZUO,ZUJIANYOUGAOXIAOXUEQIANJIAOYUHEYIWUJIAOYUKECHENGZHUANJIA、JICHUJIAOYUJIAOYANYUAN、XIAOXUEXIAOZHANGHEYOUERYUANYUANZHANGCANJIADEZHUANJIATUANDUI,CONGLILUNYUSHIJIANCENGMIANKAIZHANYANJIULUNZHENGHEWENJIANQICAOGONGZUO。

  (YI)WENJUANDIAOYAN。XUANQUDONG、ZHONG、XIWUGESHENGFEN,MIANXIANGYOUERYUAN、XIAOXUEHEJIAOYUXINGZHENGBUMENKAIZHANLEWENJUANDIAOYAN,QUANMIANLEJIEYOUXIAOXIANJIEDEXIANZHUANGHEWENTI。

  (ER)ZHUANTIYANJIU。SOUJIZHENGLIQITAGUOJIAYOUXIAOXIANJIEDEZHENGCEJINGYANHEGUOBIEANLI,SHULIXINZHONGGUOCHENGLIYILAIGUOJIAHEDIFANGYOUGUANYOUXIAOXIANJIEDEZHENGCEGUIDING,ZONGJIEJIEJIANYOUGUANJINGYAN。

  (SAN)YANZHIWENBEN。DUOCIZUZHIZHUANJIAZHAOKAIXIANSHANGHUIYIHEXIANCHANGYANTAOHUI,WEIRAOWENJIANKUANGJIAHEZHUYAONEIRONGJINXINGFANFUYANJIUTAOLUNHEXIUGAI,XINGCHENGLEWENJIANCHUGAO。

  (SI)ZHENGQIUYIJIAN。ZUZHIZHAOKAIDUOCHANGZUOTANHUI,TINGQUYOUGUANZHUANJIA、XIAOXUEXIAOZHANG、YOUERYUANYUANZHANG、GUGANJIAOSHIHEJIAZHANGDEYIJIAN。MIANXIANGZHANXIANZHENGQIULEJIAOYUXINGZHENGBUMENHEJIAOYANBUMENYIJIAN,BINGGENJUYIJIANJIANYIDUIWENGAOZUOLEJINYIBUXIUGAIWANSHAN。

  3.请问推进幼小衔接应遵循哪些基本原则?

  DA:《ZHIDAOYIJIAN》JIANCHIKEXUEDAOXIANG,TICHULESITIAOJIBENYUANZE,QUEBAOYOUXIAOXIANJIEGONGZUOYANZHEKEXUEFANGXIANGTUIJIN。

  YISHIJIANCHIERTONGWEIBEN。ZHUNQUEBAWOERTONGXUEXIFAZHANTEDIANYUGUILVSHICUJINKEXUEXIANJIEDEGENBEN,WENJIANTICHUGUANZHUERTONGFAZHANDELIANXUXING,ZUNZHONGERTONGDEYUANYOUJINGYANHEFAZHANCHAYI,BANGZHUERTONGZUOHAOSHENXINQUANMIANZHUNBEIHESHIYING,PEIYANGYOUYIYUERTONGZHONGSHENFAZHANDEXIGUANYUNENGLI。

  ERSHIJIANCHISHUANGXIANGXIANJIE。XIANJIEGONGZUOSHIYOUERYUANHEXIAOXUEGONGTONGDEZEREN,WENJIANQIANGDIAOSHULIXIANJIEYISHI,YOUERYUANHEXIAOXUEXIETONGHEZUO,KEXUEZUOHAORUXUEZHUNBEIHERUXUESHIYING,JIANHUANPODU,CUJINERTONGSHUNLIGUODU。

  SANSHIJIANCHIXITONGTUIJIN。YOUXIAOXIANJIESHIYIGEXITONGXINGGONGZUO,WENJIANTICHUZHENGHEDUOFANGJIAOYUZIYUAN,XINGZHENG、JIAOKEYAN、YOUERYUANHEXIAOXUETONGCHOULIANDONG,JIAYUANXIAOGONGYU,XINGCHENGHELI。

  SISHIJIANCHIGUIFANGUANLI。QIANGDIAOJIANLIDONGTAIJIANGUANJIZHI,JIADAZHILILIDU,JIUZHENGHENIUZHUANXIAOWAIPEIXUNJIGOU、YOUERYUANHEXIAOXUEWEIBEIERTONGSHENXINGUILVDEZUOFAHEXINGWEI,WEIZUOHAOYOUXIAOXIANJIEGONGZUOTIGONGLIANGHAODEJIAOYUSHENGTAI。

  4.《指导意见》对实施幼小衔接提出了哪些工作举措?

  DA:《ZHIDAOYIJIAN》BAOKUOYIGEZHUWENJIANHELIANGGEFUJIAN。ZHUWENJIANJUJIAOYOUERYUANHEXIAOXUELIANGGEZHUTI,QIANGHUAXIANJIEHELI,TICHULEWUTIAOZHUYAOJUCUO。ZHENDUIYOUERYUAN,YAOQIUBANGZHUYOUERZUOHAOSHENGHUO、SHEHUIHEXUEXIDENGDUOFANGMIANDEZHUNBEI。ZHENDUIXIAOXUE,YAOQIUJIANGYINIANJISHANGXUEQISHEZHIWEIRUXUESHIYINGQI,GAIGEYINIANJIJIAOYUJIAOXUEFANGSHI,QIANGHUAYUYOUERYUANJIAOYUXIANGXIANJIE。ZHENDUIJIAOYANBUMEN,YAOQIUJIANLIYOUXIAOLIANHEJIAOYANZHIDU,ZHIDAOXIAOXUEHEYOUERYUANJIAOSHIJIAQIANGKECHENG、JIAOXUE、GUANLIDENGFANGMIANDEHEZUOJIAOLIUYUYANJIU。ZHENDUIJIAYUANXIAOHEZUO,YAOQIUYOUERYUANHEXIAOXUEJIANLIJIAYUANXIAOGONGYUJIZHI,BANGZHUJIAZHANGRENSHIGUODUQIANGHUAZHISHIZHUNBEI、TIQIANXUEXIXIAOXUEKECHENGNEIRONGDEWEIHAI,JIJIPEIHEZUOHAOXIANJIE。ZHENDUIJIAOYUBUMEN,YAOQIUZHENGHEGEFANGZIYUAN,TONGCHOUTUIJINXIANJIEGONGZUO,JINYIBUJIAQIANGDUIXIAOWAIPEIXUNJIGOUWEIFANJIAOYUGUILVXINGWEIDECHIXUZHILI。

  LIANGGEFUJIANCONGERTONGFAZHANDESHIJIAO,FENBIEDUIYOUERYUANZUOHAORUXUEZHUNBEIJIAOYUHEXIAOXUEZUOHAORUXUESHIYINGJIAOYUTICHUJUTI、KECAOZUODEZHIDAO。WEIRAOSHENXINZHUNBEIYUSHIYING、SHENGHUOZHUNBEIYUSHIYING、SHEHUIZHUNBEIYUSHIYINGYIJIXUEXIZHUNBEIYUSHIYINGSIGEFANGMIANMINGQUELEFAZHANMUBIAO、JUTIBIAOXIANHEJIAOYUJIANYI。FAZHANMUBIAOHEJUTIBIAOXIANZHONGDIANMINGXILEYINGXIANGERTONGRUXUEZHUNBEIHERUXUESHIYINGDEGUANJIANZHIBIAOHEHELIQIWANG,JIEJUE“XIANJIESHENME”DEWENTI,LIQIUZUODAOKEXUEXING、ZHUANYEXING。JIAOYUJIANYIZHONGDIANLIEJULEBANGZHUERTONGZUOHAORUXUEZHUNBEIHESHIYINGDEJIAOYUTUJINGHEFANGFA,JIEJUE“RUHEXIANJIE”DEWENTI,LIQIUZENGQIANGZHIDAOXING、CAOZUOXING。

  WENJIANLIZUYUJIANSHEGAOZHILIANGJIAOYUTIXI,DALITUIJINJICHUJIAOYUYURENTIXIYITIHUA,YOUERYUANHEXIAOXUETONGBUXINGDONG,BUJINYAOZHUANBIANGUANNIAN,HAIYAOTUIDONGSHIJIANLUOSHI,QIEQIESHISHIBAXIANJIEDE“DOUPO”BIANCHENG“HUANPO”,ZHELISHIXIANSANGE“ZHUANBIAN”:YISHIGAIBIANXIANJIEYISHIBORUO,XIAOXUEHEYOUERYUANJIAOYUFENLIDEZHUANGKUANG,TUIDONGSHUANGXIANGXIANJIE;ERSHIGAIBIANGUODUZHONGSHIZHISHIZHUNBEI,CHAOQIANXUEXI、CHAOBIAOJIAOXUEDEZHUANGKUANG,ZUOHAOKEXUEXIANJIE;SANSHIGAIBIANXIANJIEJIZHIBUJIANQUANDEZHUANGKUANG,SHIXIANYOUXIAOXIANJIE。

  5.幼儿园做好入学准备教育应重点把握哪些方面?

  DA:ZHENDUIYOUERYUANZUOHAORUXUEZHUNBEIJIAOYU,《YOUERYUANRUXUEZHUNBEIJIAOYUZHIDAOYAODIAN》TUCHUWENTIDAOXIANG,ZHUYAOQIANGDIAOLESANDIAN:YISHIZHUNQUEBAWORUXUEZHUNBEIDENEIHAN。ZHENDUISHEHUISHANGGUODUZHONGSHIZHISHIZHUNBEIDEWENTI,QIANGDIAOJIANGSHENXINZHUNBEI、SHENGHUOZHUNBEI、SHEHUIZHUNBEIHEXUEXIZHUNBEIDENGFANGMIANYOUJIRONGHEHESHENTOU,BUNENGPIANMIANZHUIQIUMOUYIFANGMIANDEZHUNBEI,HUOYONGXIAOXUEZHISHIJINENGDEQIANGHUAXUNLIANTIDAIQUANMIANZHUNBEI。ERSHICHULIHAOXUNXUJIANJINYUBAWOZHONGDIANDEGUANXI。JIQIANGDIAOJIANGRUXUEZHUNBEIGUANCHUANYUYOUERYUANSANNIANBAOYUJIAOYUQUANGUOCHENG,CONGXIAOBANKAISHIZHUBUPEIYANGYOUERSHENXINJIBENSUZHI,YOUQIANGDIAODABANGENJUJIJIANGJINRUXIAOXUEDETESHUXUYAO,SHISHIYOUZHENDUIXINGDERUXUEZHUNBEIJIAOYU。SANSHIZUNZHONGYOUERSHENXINFAZHANGUILV。QIANGDIAOYONGKEXUEDE、FUHEYOUERXUEXITEDIANDEFANGSHI,BUJINBANGZHUYOUERZUOHAORUXUEZHUNBEI,HAIYAOBANGZHUYOUERZUOHAOZHONGSHENXUEXIDEZHUNBEI。

  6.小学做好入学适应教育应重点把握哪些方面?

  DA:ZHENDUIXIAOXUEZUOHAORUXUESHIYINGJIAOYU,《XIAOXUERUXUESHIYINGJIAOYUZHIDAOYAODIAN》CONGJIAOYUGUANNIANDAOKECHENGSHISHI,DUIXIAOXUETICHULEXITONGXINGDEGAIGEYAOQIU,ZHELIGAIBIANGUOQURANGXUESHENGSHIYINGXUEXIAODECHUANTONGZUOFA,QIANGDIAOWEIERTONGRUXUESHIYINGZHUNBEIHAOXUEXIAO。ZHUYAOBAWOSIDIAN:YISHIQIANGHUAZHUDONGXIANJIE。YAOQIUXIAOXUEJIAOSHISHULILAOGUDEXIANJIEYISHI,ZHUANBIANJIAOYUGUANHEERTONGGUAN,ZHUDONGLEJIEYOUERYUANJIAOYUTEDIAN,JIJIQINGTINGERTONGXUYAO,CHUANGSHEBAORONGHEZHICHIXINGDEXUEXIAOHUANJING。ERSHIZHUZHONGSHIYINGGUODU。YAOQIUXIAOXUEYINIANJISHANGXUEQISHEZHIWEIYOUXIAOXIANJIESHIYINGQI,ZAIBANJIHUANJING、ZUOXIANPAIDENGFANGMIANYUYOUERYUANXIANGXIANJIE,JIEJUEYOUERYUANYUXIAOXUEJIAOYUZHONGXIANJIEPODUGUODAWENTI。SANSHIGUANZHUGETICHAYI。WEIFANGZHIYONGTONGYIDEBIAOZHUNYAOQIUMEIGEERTONG,CUOSHANGQIRUXUEJIJIXING,QIANGDIAOZUNZHONGERTONGYUANYOUJINGYANHEFAZHANSHUIPING,YOUZHENDUIXINGDIWEIMEIGEERTONGTIGONGGEBIEHUADEZHIDAO。SISHISHENHUAKECHENGGAIGE。YAOQIUXIAOXUETANSUOYUYOUERYUANXIANGXIANJIEDERUXUESHIYINGJIAOYU,HELIANPAIYINIANJIKECHENGNEIRONG,GAIGEYINIANJIJIAOYUJIAOXUEFANGSHIHEPINGJIAFANGSHI,WEIMEIGEERTONGDAJIANRUXUESHIYINGDEJIETI。

(责任编辑:曹建)
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2021欧洲杯买球:教育部部署推进幼儿园与小学科学衔接工作
2021欧洲杯买球:教育部关于大力推进幼儿园与小学科学衔接的指导意见

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