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印发师范生教师职业能力标准 服务免试认定中小学教师资格改革

——教育部教师工作司负责人就《中学教育专业师范生教师职业能力标准(试行)》等五个文件答记者问

2022-05-06 来源:教育部

  JINRI,JIAOYUBUYINFALE《ZHONGXUEJIAOYUZHUANYESHIFANSHENGJIAOSHIZHIYENENGLIBIAOZHUN(SHIXING)》DENGWUGEWENJIAN(YIXIAJIANCHENG《NENGLIBIAOZHUN》),JIAOYUBUJIAOSHIGONGZUOSIFUZERENJIUXIANGGUANWENTIHUIDALEJIZHETIWEN。

  一、请介绍一下《能力标准》出台的主要背景。

  DA:JIAOSHISHIJIAOYUGONGZUODEZHONGJIANLILIANG。YOUGAOZHILIANGDEJIAOSHI,CAIYOUGAOZHILIANGDEJIAOYU。JIAOSHIZIGEKAOSHIZHIDUGAIGEDUIYUYANBAJIAOSHIRUKOUGUAN、TISHENGSHIFANSHENGPEIYANGZHILIANG、TIGAOJIAOSHIDUIWUZHENGTISUZHIFAHUILEZHONGYAOZUOYONG。WEIJINYIBUSHENHUAJIAOYULINGYU“FANGGUANFU”GAIGE,WANSHANJIAOSHIZIGEZHUNRUBANFA,XIYINYOUXIURENCAIDAOZHONGXIAOXUERENJIAO,2020NIAN8YUE,GUOWUYUANCHANGWUHUIYIJUEDING,TUIJINSHIFANSHENGMIANSHIRENDINGJIAOSHIZIGEGAIGE,JIANLIJIANQUANJIAOSHIJIAOYUYUANXIAODUISHIFANSHENGJIAOYUJIAOXUENENGLIJINXINGKAOHEDEZHIDU,JIAKUAITUIJINYUNXUJIAOYULEISHUOSHIJIYISHANGXUELIBIYESHENG、GONGFEISHIFANSHENGMIANSHIRENDINGJIAOSHIZIGE。WEISHENRUGUANCHEDANGZHONGYANG、GUOWUYUANJUECEBUSHU,9YUE,JIAOYUBUYINFA《JIAOYULEIYANJIUSHENGHEGONGFEISHIFANSHENGMIANSHIRENDINGZHONGXIAOXUEJIAOSHIZIGEGAIGESHISHIFANGAN》(YIXIAJIANCHENG《MIANSHIRENDINGGAIGEFANGAN》),SHISHIJIAOYULEIYANJIUSHENGHEGONGFEISHIFANSHENGMIANGUOJIAZHONGXIAOXUEJIAOSHIZIGEKAOSHIRENDINGQUDEZHONGXIAOXUEJIAOSHIZIGEGAIGE,YAOQIUSHISHIMIANSHIRENDINGGAIGEDEGAODENGXUEXIAO,GENJUSHIFANSHENGJIAOSHIZHIYENENGLIBIAOZHUN,JIANLISHIFANSHENGJIAOYUJIAOXUENENGLIKAOHEZHIDU。

  CHUTAI《NENGLIBIAOZHUN》,ZHIZAIJINYIBUJIAQIANGSHIFANLEIZHUANYEJIANSHE,JIANLISHIFANSHENGJIAOYUJIAOXUENENGLIKAOHEZHIDU,TUIDONGJIAOSHIJIAOYUYUANXIAOJIANGGUOJIAZHONGXIAOXUEJIAOSHIZIGEKAOSHIBIAOZHUNHEDAGANGRONGRUDAORICHANGJIAOXUE、XUEYEKAOSHIHEXIANGGUANPEIXUNZHONG,TIGAOSHIFANLEIZHUANYERENCAIPEIYANGZHILIANG,CONGYUANTOUSHANGTISHENGJIAOSHIDUIWUJIAOSHUYURENDENENGLISHUIPING。

  二、请介绍一下《能力标准》的研制过程。

  DA:《NENGLIBIAOZHUN》DEYANZHIZHUYAOFENWEIYIXIASANGEGONGZUOJIEDUAN:

  YISHIWENJIANYANZHIQICAO。2020NIAN9YUE,ZUZHIZHUANJIAJINXINGWENJIANYANZHIJIZHONGBANGONG。JIEHEZHONGXIAOYOUZHITEWULEIZHUANYESHIFANSHENGJIAOSHIZHIYENENGLIYAOQIUDEGONGXINGHETEXINGJINXINGYANJIU,SHULIXINGWENSILU,MINGQUEWENJIANKUANGJIA,XINGCHENG《NENGLIBIAOZHUN》ZHENGQIUYIJIANGAO。

  ERSHIGUANGFANZHENGQIUYIJIAN。2020NIAN11-12YUE,ZHENGQIUGESHENGJIJIAOYUXINGZHENGBUMEN、YOUGUANGAODENGXUEXIAO、GUOJIAJIAOSHIJIAOYUZIXUNZHUANJIAWEIYUANHUI、GEJIAOYUBUGAODENGXUEXIAOJIAOSHIPEIYANGJIAOXUEZHIDAOWEIYUANHUIDENGDEYIJIAN,JINXINGHUIZONG、ZHENGLI。

  SANSHIXIUGAIWANSHANCHENGGAO。2021NIAN1YUEYILAI,GENJUGEFANGFANKUIYIJIANJINXINGFANFUYANJIU、XIUGAI、WANSHAN,XINGCHENG《NENGLIBIAOZHUN》。

  三、请问《能力标准》研制的总体思路是什么?

  YISHIZHEYANXINSHIDAIJIAOSHIPEIYANGMUBIAO。WEIRAOYOULIXIANGXINNIAN、YOUDAODEQINGCAO、YOUZHASHIXUESHI、YOURENAIZHIXINDEHAOLAOSHIPEIYANG,TUCHUSHIDESHIFENGDIYIBIAOZHUN,XIHUASHIFANSHENGSHIJIANNENGLIYAOQIU,JIYUSHIFANSHENGNENGDADAODESHIJISHUIPING,QIANGDIAOYUJIAKUAITUIJINJIAOYUXIANDAIHUAXIANGPIPEIDEJIAOSHUYURENNENGLISUZHITISHENG,YUSHIJUJIN,SHOUZHENGCHUANGXIN。

  ERSHIJIANCHIZUOHAOFENLEIZHIDAO。GENJU《MIANSHIRENDINGGAIGEFANGAN》YAOQIU,《NENGLIBIAOZHUN》FUWUGAOXIAOJIAQIANGPEIYANGGUOCHENGXINGKAOHEHEZUZHISHIFANSHENGJIAOSHIZHIYENENGLICESHIDEXUYAO,ANZHAOZHONGXUE、XIAOXUE、YOUERYUAN、ZHIYEJIAOYU、TESHUJIAOYUWULEISHIFANSHENGJIAOYUJIAOXUEJIBENNENGLIJINXINGFENLEIZHIDAO,TUCHUZHUANYETESE。

  SANSHIJIAQIANGJIAOSHIDUIWUJIANSHEXITONGSHEJI。《NENGLIBIAOZHUN》YANZHIDUIBIAOSHIFANLEIZHUANYERENZHENGBIAOZHUNDE“BIYEYAOQIU”,ANZHAO“YIJIANXING,SANXUEHUI”(JIANXINGSHIDE,XUEHUIJIAOXUE、XUEHUIYUREN、XUEHUIFAZHAN)DEJIBENKUANGJIAXINGWEN,RONGRUZHONGXIAOXUEJIAOSHIZIGEKAOSHIBIAOZHUN、KAOSHIDAGANGYIJIZHONGXIAOYOUZHITEJIAOSHIZHUANYEBIAOZHUN(SHIXING)XIANGGUANYAOQIU,ZHIDAOGEXIAOJIAQIANGSHIFANLEIZHUANYEJIANSHE,TISHENGSHIFANSHENGJIAOYUJIAOXUENENGLISHUIPING。

  四、《能力标准》主要内容有哪些?

  《NENGLIBIAOZHUN》GONGWUGEWENJIAN,FENBIEMINGQUEZHONGXUEJIAOYU、XIAOXUEJIAOYU、XUEQIANJIAOYU、ZHONGDENGZHIYEJIAOYUHETESHUJIAOYUZHUANYESHIFANSHENGJIAOSHIZHIYEJIBENNENGLI。MEIGEWENJIANFENSIGEBUFENTICHUSIDANENGLI,JISHIDEJIANXINGNENGLI、JIAOXUESHIJIANNENGLI、ZONGHEYURENNENGLIHEZIZHUFAZHANNENGLI。

  DIYIBUFENWEISHIDEJIANXINGNENGLI,BAOKUOZUNSHOUSHIDEGUIFAN、HANYANGJIAOYUQINGHUAILIANGFANGMIAN,QIANGDIAOZHIXINGHEYI,CONGZHI、QING、YI、XINGDENGFANGMIANYINDAOSHIFANSHENGGUANCHEDANGDEJIAOYUFANGZHEN,NULICHENGWEI“SIYOU”HAOLAOSHI。

  DIERBUFENWEIJIAOXUESHIJIANNENGLI(QIZHONGXUEQIANJIAOYUZHUANYEWEIBAOYUHEJIAOYUSHIJIANNENGLI),ZHUYAOCONGZHANGWOZHUANYEZHISHI、XUEHUIJIAOXUESHEJI、SHISHIKECHENGJIAOXUE(XUEQIANJIAOYUZHUANYEWEIKAIZHANHUANJINGCHUANGSHEHEYOUXIHUODONG、SHISHIJIAOYUHUODONG)DENGFANGMIAN,DUISHIFANSHENGJIAOYUJIAOXUESHIJIANSUOXUDEJIBENNENGLITICHULEXIHUAYAOQIU。

  DISANBUFENWEIZONGHEYURENNENGLI,ZHUYAOCONGKAIZHANBANJIZHIDAO、SHISHIKECHENGYUREN、ZUZHIHUODONGYURENDENGFANGMIANQIANGDIAOJIAOYU“YURENWEIBEN”DEBENZHIYAOQIU,LUOSHILIDESHURENGENBENRENWU。

  DISIBUFENWEIZIZHUFAZHANNENGLI,CONGZHUZHONGZHUANYECHENGZHANG、ZHUDONGJIAOLIUHEZUOLIANGFANGMIAN,TUCHUZHONGSHENXUEXI、ZIZHUFAZHAN,YIJIZAIXUEXIGONGTONGTIZHONGBUDUANTISHENGZHUANYESHUIPINGDEYISHIHENENGLI。

  五、下一步推动落实《能力标准》有哪些工作举措?

  YISHIJIAQIANGXUANCHUANJIEDU。BAXUANCHUANJIEDU《NENGLIBIAOZHUN》ZUOWEI《MIANSHIRENDINGGAIGEFANGAN》SHISHIDEZHONGYAOZUCHENGBUFEN,ZHIDAOGEDI、XIANGGUANXUEXIAOQUANMIANZHUNQUELIJIE,YANGEGUANCHEZHIXING。

  ERSHISHENRUTUIDONGLUOSHI。ZHICHIGEDIJIXIANGGUANXUEXIAOJIEHESHIJI,BUDUANWANSHANMIANSHIRENDINGGAIGEJUTISHISHIBANFA,YOUQISHIDUCUSHISHIMIANSHIRENDINGGAIGEDEGAODENGXUEXIAOGENJU《NENGLIBIAOZHUN》,JINKUAIJIANLISHIFANSHENGJIAOYUJIAOXUENENGLIKAOHEZHIDU,JIAQIANGJIAOYULEIYANJIUSHENGHEGONGFEISHIFANSHENGPEIYANGGUOCHENGXINGKAOHE,TONGYIZUZHISHIFANSHENGJIAOSHIZHIYENENGLICESHIDENG,SHENRUTUIJINMIANSHIRENDINGGAIGE。

(责任编辑:曹建)
相关阅读
教育部办公厅关于印发《中学教育专业师范生教师职业能力标准(试行)》等五个文件的通知

BANQUANSUOYOU:ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOJIAOYUBU ZHONGWENYUMING:JIAOYUBU.ZHENGWU

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